The warm summer season has arrived in Nashville, and now is the time to make sure that your air conditioner is in proper working condition for the hot days ahead. During the summer, your home’s AC system is vital for your comfort at home. With a few simple maintenance procedures from a company offering one hour heating and air conditioning in Nashville, you can rest assured that your heating and cooling system is ready to help you stay cool. One of the best ways to keep up on your air conditioner’s maintenance needs is to learn how these sophisticated appliances work. Here is a closer look at the science behind your air conditioner.

Phase Conversion
The basic principle behind air conditioning is a phenomenon known as phase conversion . Phase conversion is a term that describes the process of a liquid transforming into a gas state. When this transformation occurs, the gas is able to remove heat from the surrounding air. Air conditioners use this principle in order to generate cool air for your home.

In order to achieve efficient and effective phase conversion, each air conditioning system is equipped with liquid refrigerant. Refrigerant is a unique substance, in that it is able to transform from a liquid into a gas at lower temperatures. By contrast, liquids such as water must be heated to higher temperatures before they become gaseous. As the refrigerant flows through the air conditioner’s evaporator coils, it immediately changes into a cool gas.

Condenser Coils
Along with the evaporator coils, the condenser coils are another essential component of every air conditioning system. If liquid refrigerant was left to simply turn into a gas, your air conditioner would run out of refrigerant very rapidly. Instead, the gaseous refrigerant is sent into the condenser coils, where it is transformed back into a liquid. After it has returned to a liquid state, it will travel through the air conditioner all over again.