Most Americans rely on forced air heating to stay comfortable when temperatures drop. While there are many variations, forced air HVAC is the most common heating option in the US and most of the world.
Despite its popularity, many homeowners don’t even know they have it or aren’t sure how forced air heating works.
We’ll quickly help you identify your type of heating, take you through the basic functions and components of a forced air system, and answer some of the questions our technicians receive in the field.
What Is Forced Air Heating?
Forced air heating is any HVAC system that uses ductwork to distribute treated air throughout a home. Whether you heat your home with a furnace or heat pump, the defining component of a forced air heating system is the network of ducts that gets warm or cool air where it needs to go.
Another way to look at it: If warm air blows out of vents in your home when you turn your heater on, then you have forced air heating, and own a furnace or heat pump system.
How Does Forced Air Heating Work?
Heating systems generate warm air using any one of the several home heating sources available. Furnaces and heat pumps all fall in the forced air category because all rely on a blower fan to move treated air through ductwork.
- First, the thermostat triggers the heat source (we’ll refer to it as the furnace, for simplicity’s sake) that it’s getting a bit chilly.
- After completing a short round of safety checks, the furnace kicks on to heat air.
- Heated air collects in the plenum.
- The blower fan then forces the warm air through the ductwork. The warm air creates a vacuum that pulls recycled air into the return ducts, returning room-temperature air to the furnace.
- When the thermostat temperature setting is met, it sends a signal to turn off the furnace.
Forced Air vs. Central Air
You’ve likely heard the term “central air,” which often causes confusion. Central air conditioning is a form of forced air, with central air referring specifically to the cooling system, which is often an air conditioning unit or air-source heat pump.
Is Forced Air Heating Gas or Electric?
A forced air heating system can be powered by natural gas, propane, fuel oil, or electricity (an electric furnace, heat pump). Fossil fuel and electric-powered heaters each of benefits and drawbacks, but both are considered forced air heating systems.
General Maintenance Tips for Forced Air Systems
This heating system is a reliable and effective way to keep your family comfortable year after year. In addition to scheduling regular maintenance, you can avoid emergency repairs with some DIY maintenance tasks:
- Change the air filter every 1-3 months.
- Keep your heat source, ducts, and all equipment clean and free of debris.
- Monitor energy bills for spikes in energy consumption, which could be a sign of general wear or part failure.
Keep Your Household Cozy with Forced-Air Heating Repairs
Whether it’s annual maintenance or emergency repairs in a flash, One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning delivers professional and punctual service. Count on your local One Hour technicians to keep your home comfortable year-round and for expert insight to improve system performance. Book an appointment or call (800) 893-3523 today!